The hip is a large, ball-and-socket joint. It is comprised of part of the pelvis bone (socket) and the upper end of the thighbone (ball). These two parts are covered with cartilage and the synovial membrane surrounds the entire joint. Ligaments connect the ball and socket together to provide stability. There are many types of surgeries that can be performed to treat problems with the hip.
Hip arthroscopy is a minimally-invasive procedure surgeons use to evaluate, inspect and repair problems within the hip joint. During the procedure, a tiny incision is made and a small camera is inserted into the hip joint. The camera displays pictures on a television screen that the surgeon can use to make repairs with extremely small instruments. Arthroscopy provides less pain and faster recovery time for patients than traditional surgery. It is generally recommended as the next step for conditions not responding to non-surgical treatments.
Hip resurfacing can be an effective treatment for arthritis of the hip. It is a type of hip replacement surgery, but during hip resurfacing the head of the femur bone is not removed. It is trimmed and topped with a metal covering. As with a total hip replacement, the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced.
Total Hip Replacement (THR)
Hip replacement surgery, also referred to as hip arthroplasty is often recommended after a patient has tried all other non-surgical treatment options and still suffers from severe hip pain. This is a surgical procedure that will replace and resurface the damaged areas of the hip. State-of-the-art artificial implants are used to replace all or most of the ball and socket function of the hip in order to eliminate bone-on-bone friction that is often the root cause of the pain.
The most common reason for hip replacement is osteoarthritis, a process that occurs when cartilage in the hip breaks down causing the bones of the joint to rub together. The growth of bone spurs around the joint may also cause severe pain in the hip. These changes in your joints can lead to severe pain, stiffness and immobility.
Anterior Hip Replacement
Anterior hip replacement is an innovative, new procedure for total hip replacement. It involves the surgeon making a single, small incision in the leg and accessing the hip from the front of the body instead of the back. It allows the physician to perform the replacement without removing as much muscle from the bone or greatly disturbing the capsule of the hip joint.